By Tobias Nünlist
Der Glaube an Dämonen (ğinn) ist in islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften weit verbreitet. Da sie sowohl im Koran als auch in den Prophetenworten vielfach erwähnt werden, gelten Zweifel an ihrer Existenz als verpönt. Die Studie untersucht das Wesen von Dämonen und mit ihnen verwandten Kräften anhand arabischer und persischer Quellen aus der vormodernen Zeit. Sie stützt sich zusätzlich auf eine unveröffentlichte Materialsammlung aus dem Nachlass des Basler Orientalisten Fritz Meier (1912-1998).
Wenn sich auch regionale Unterschiede feststellen lassen und sich das Auftreten von Dämonen im Lauf der Jahrhunderte veränderte, bleiben ihre Grundmerkmale von geographischen und zeitlichen Faktoren im wesentlichen doch unberührt. Dämonen manifestieren sich gern in Grenzsituationen. Eigentlich sind sie dem Menschen eher unangenehm und werden für vielfältige Schwierigkeiten im Alltag verantwortlich gemacht (v.a. Erkrankungen). Sie können aber auch helfend in Erscheinung treten. Ein Beispiel dafür ist die dichterische notion. Die ğinn gelten grundsätzlich als moralisch indifferent.
Obwohl sich die Studie hauptsächlich auf vormoderne Quellen stützt, vermittelt sie auch wichtige Erkenntnisse für die Untersuchung des Dämonenglaubens in der Gegenwart.
By Atallah Mansour
to guard their historical church buildings from desecrating marauders on horseback, worshipers within the Holy Land centuries in the past sealed off such a lot in their church doorways to maintain the invaders open air their sacred halls, hence the time period "narrow gate church buildings" started to be used to explain the Christian worship facilities within the Holy Land. This heritage of the way Christians have saved the religion for 2 millennia below annoying stipulations is a tribute to the braveness and steadfastness of a remnant neighborhood which has miraculously survived less than opposed regimes and straitened conditions.
Fr. Elias Chacour of the Mar Elias academic Institute in Israel and writer of "Blood Brothers" has acknowledged: "It was once well timed that Atallah Mansour write down a few of his suggestions. he's the 1st Arab journalist in Israel and a veteran journalist within the Israeli press. At a time whilst few Arabs within Israel knew any Hebrew, he began writing for famous Hebrew newspapers. he's a proud guy of his village Jish in top Galilee, of his chuch within the Holy Land, and of his socio-political association in Israel. quite often in occasions of crises neighborhood church and non-church experts seek advice him. His lengthy adventure within the warfare in Lebanaon gave him a different popularity. we're thankful for his courge and for his scripting this e-book that might be a reference on center East coverage and particularly at the Israeli-Palestinian conflict."
Noam Chomsky has famous "the strange, possibly specific credibility" of Oxford-educated Atallah Mansour's account, "given his recognition, heritage and entry to sources." full of interesting anecdotes and proficient research, this well timed background is a vital contribution to the dialogue of the way Christians and Arabs might be taken care of within the land in their birth.
Atallah Mansour is the single Arab-Christian to join the editorial board of a huge Israeli newspaper and the 1st to jot down in Hebrew for Israel's elite paper, "Ha Aretz". For over 4 many years, this Oxford-educated Galilean local has written extensively--two novels, dozens of brief tales and plenty of political essays in Arabic, Hebrew and English for varied heart jap and foreign journals. His target is to extra realizing and reconciliation among the disparate groups now dwelling in his homeland.
By Aaron M. Faust
Saddam Hussein governed Iraq as a dictator for almost 1 / 4 century sooner than the autumn of his regime in 2003. utilizing the Ba’th occasion as his organ of meta-control, he equipped a extensive base of aid all through Iraqi nation and society. Why did hundreds of thousands perform his govt, parrot his propaganda, and differently aid his regime while doing so usually required betraying their households, groups, and ideology? Why did the “Husseini Ba’thist” process end up so sturdy via uprisings, wars, and United international locations sanctions?
Drawing from a wealth of files came upon on the Ba’th party’s principal headquarters in Baghdad following the US-led invasion in 2003, The Ba’thification of Iraq analyzes how Hussein and the celebration inculcated loyalty within the inhabitants. via a grand technique of “Ba’thification,” Faust argues that Hussein combined vintage totalitarian ability with notably Iraqi how to remodel country, social, and cultural associations into Ba’thist entities, and the private and non-private offerings Iraqis made into exams in their political loyalty. Focusing not just on ways that Iraqis obeyed, but additionally how they resisted, and utilizing comparative examples from Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s Russia, The Ba’thification of Iraq explores basic questions on the jobs that ideology and tradition, associations and administrative practices, and rewards and punishments play in any political method.
By P.J. Vatikiotis
As the leaders of a innovative, nationalist regime, the Egyptian loose officials who got here to energy following the 1952 Revolution devoted themselves to the attainment of objectives linked to modernization, particularly swift monetary improvement in line with nation making plans and industrialization and the political mobilization of society alongside State-decreed traces. coming up from a convention held on the Centre of center japanese experiences at SOAS, with contributions from students from the Arab international, Europe and the USA in addition to the united kingdom, those papers elevate the questions most vital to scholars of monetary and political development.
By Mordechai Abir
By Michael J. Cohen
By Yasin T. al-Jibouri
By Obaid Younossi,Peter Dahl Thruelsen,Jonathan Vaccaro,Jerry M. Sollinger,Brian Grady
By Kenneth Adderley
That Abraham used to be no longer a Jew, yet was once born in Southern Iraq approximately a hundred -150 miles north of Basra is obviously visible in Torah (Bible) within the name given to him in Haran. And the Koran explains how and why the writer (Allah, YHWH) God selected Abraham's seed as His humans. The publication additionally explains that the subsequent international ruler should be a descendant of Abraham, that's additionally printed while one thoroughly translates the spiritual writings. And, in reality, "all households of Planet Earth" (kol mishpacah adamah) will dwell in peace as given within the Covenant to Abraham.
By Peter L. Hahn
The projection of yank strength into the sector has had outcomes that experience eternally replaced the us and the center East, with the increase of al Qaeda and the turbulent profession of Iraq being the newest examples. Crisis and Crossfire surveys and analyzes the large contours of U.S. involvement within the area. It probes the explanations why the us applied quite a few rules and assesses the knowledge of yank leaders as they approved higher obligations for keeping balance and protection within the center East. significant issues contain U.S.-Middle East coverage within the context of the chilly warfare, the increase of Arab and Iranian nationalism, decolonization, the U.S. method of the Arab-Israeli clash, the politics of Western dependence on center japanese oil, and America’s army interventions, really its wars opposed to Iraq. This book’s concise narrative and choice of primary-source records make it a great creation to U.S.-Middle East relatives for college kids and for an individual with an curiosity in knowing the historical past in the back of today’s events.