By Jennifer Erickson
In 2013, the United international locations authorized the hands alternate Treaty (ATT), which units legally binding criteria to control international hands exports. This groundbreaking treaty displays a growing to be main issue that small and significant traditional hands play an important function in perpetuating human rights violations, clash, and societal instability around the world. whereas many nations as soon as staunchly adverse shared export controls and their perceived danger to political and monetary autonomy, they're now commencing to include a variety of agreements, comparable to the ATT and the european Code of Conduct.
Jennifer L. Erickson explores the explanations most sensible arms-exporting democracies have set aside prior sovereignty, safety, and financial concerns in want of humanitarian palms move controls, and he or she follows the early results of this about-face on export perform. She starts with a quick historical past of failed glossy arms-export regulate projects after which tracks palms move developments over the years. Pinpointing the normative shifts within the Nineteen Nineties that placed humanitarian hands keep watch over at the desk, she unearths that those states devoted to those regulations out of outrage for his or her foreign reputations. She additionally highlights how arms-trade scandals threaten household reputations and therefore aid increase compliance. utilizing statistical information and interviews carried out in France, Germany, Belgium, the uk, and the U.S., Erickson demanding situations latest IR theories of country habit, whereas offering perception into the position of recognition as a social mechanism and the significance of presidency transparency and responsibility in producing compliance with new norms and rules.
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Dangerous Trade: Arms Exports, Human Rights, and International Reputation by Jennifer Erickson