By Ohannes Geukjian
Lebanon skilled critical instability and ethno-national clash following the Syrian withdrawal in 2005, compounded via the Arab Spring, which ended in local instability and civil struggle in Iraq and Syria. Why did consociational democracy fail? used to be failure inevitable? What effect might exterior powers play in growing an atmosphere the place consociationalism could be effectively applied?
This publication addresses those key questions and gives a complete research of ways inner and exterior elite relatives impact the possibilities of a winning rules of ethno-national clash via power-sharing. Exploring the jobs performed by way of Syria, Qatar, Iran, Saudi Arabia, the U.S. and France, it argues that exterior actors within the Lebanese clash principally made up our minds no matter if power-sharing was once effectively validated and exhibits that the consociational democratic version can't supply long term clash law of their absence. the writer argues that relationships among inner and exterior actors be certain the customers for profitable clash rules and pinpoints the an important function of the exterior forces within the production of power-sharing agreements in Lebanon concluding that destiny good fortune depends at the upkeep of optimistic, exogenous pressures.
This booklet may be of key curiosity to scholars and students learning politics, diplomacy, and heart East studies.
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Lebanon after the Syrian Withdrawal: External Intervention, Power-Sharing and Political Instability by Ohannes Geukjian